Kaspersky experts have detected a new online fraud scheme designed to trick people into thinking they are owed compensation. Under the pretext of offering compensation for personal data leaks, scammers instead urge users to buy ‘temporary US social security numbers’ worth around US$9 each.
Victims were found in Russia, Algeria, Egypt and the UAE, as well as other countries.
The scheme exploits issues around privacy. Kaspersky says a website offers to check whether user data has ever been leaked, so one needs to provide their specific surname, first name, phone number and social media accounts. Once this has been done, an alert is shown indicating that the user has experienced a leak, which can include data such as photos, videos and contact information, entitling the user to compensation of thousands of dollars.
However, fraudsters do not just ask for a user to enter a bank card number and wait for the payment to be credited; users inevitably need to offer their own social security numbers (SSN – a nine-digit number issued to US citizens as well as permanent and temporary working residents).
In any possible scenario – be it the absence of the SSN or entering the correct existing SSN – the website alerts mistakes and offers to sell a temporary one for the US$9 price. Upon agreement, the victim is redirected to this payment form in Russian or English with the purchase price specified in rubles or dollars respectively. The specific form depends on the victim’s IP address.
“The scammers themselves are most likely Russian speakers, as suggested by the request for payments in rubles, plus the suspicious similarity of the scheme to other easy money offers that regularly tempt residents of Russia and the CIS,” said Tatyana Sidorina, security expert at Kaspersky.
“The e-bait in those schemes varies – giveaways, surveys, secret retirement savings, even a part-time job as a taxi dispatcher – but they tend to be in Russian (as are some of the preceding links).
“The bottom line is always the same – the juicy promise of quite a bit of easy money, followed by a demand to pay for an inexpensive service, be it a commission, a ‘securing’ payment, or a temporary SSN. The new scheme is quite a topical one and is related to offering compensation for data leaks.
“Once some organisations have started to pay users, fraudsters decided there is a monetary opportunity for them as well.”
In order to stay protected from the potential risks of online fraud, Kaspersky experts advise:
- Do not trust payment offers. If someone promises a large cash payout for something as trivial as taking part in a survey, it is almost certainly a trick. And if you are asked to pay something to then receive the funds, you can be doubly sure it’s a swindle.
- Use trusted resources. Search the organisation to see if it actually exists and if it does, take a close look at its website. Pay attention to the language; a reputable organisation will not publish text full of errors and typos.
- Use a reliable security solution, such as Kaspersky Security Cloud for comprehensive protection from a wide range of threats